Nepal- Fast facts
- Population:- 31 million
- Capital:- Kathmandu
- Major language:- Nepali
- Major religions:- Hinduism, Buddhism
- Currency:- Nepalese rupees, 1 Nepalese Rupee = 0.62 Indian Rupee
- Time difference:- Nepal is 15 minutes ahead of India, 1:32 PM Friday, in India is 1:47 PM Friday, in Nepal
- Dialing code:- +977
- Emergency numbers:- Police:- 100, Tourist police:- 4226359/4226403
Seasons in Nepal:- Spring:- March till May
Summer:- June till August
Monsoon:- August, September
Autumn:- September to November
Winter:- December to February
Getting there- Nepal
- Nepal Airlines Corporation is the flag carrier airline of Nepal. Its head office is in the Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) Building in Kathmandu, and its main base is Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu.
- Nepal's Tribhuvan International Airport is the main entry point for those arriving by air, and is located just outside of the Ring Road in Kathmandu.
- The airport serves as the hub for Nepal Airlines, which flies from various destinations in India, as well as Bangkok, Doha, Dubai, Hong Kong and Kuala Lumpur.
- Other major airlines that serve Nepal from across Asia include Air Arabia, Air Asia X, Air China, Air India, Etihad, flydubai, Jet Airways, Korean Air, Malaysia Airlines, Oman Air, Qatar Airways, Silkair and Thai Airways.
- As of 2016, the only airline that flies directly to Kathmandu from Europe is Turkish Airlines from Istanbul.
- Money can be changed to the local currency as well, but these services are only available directly after scheduled arrivals.
- Outside the airport, all 'representatives' of the tourist industry are required to remain 10 metres (about 30 feet) from the front door.
- This does not prevent them from waving large signs and yelling in an attempt to encourage you to choose them as your guide/taxi/hotel/luggage carrier.
- Many hotel and guest houses offer complimentary pick up and delivery from the airport.
Festivals celebrated in Nepal
➔ Dashain and Tihar
1. The biggest and most popular festivals based on religion are: Dashain and Tihar in Nepal.
2. Dashain, a celebration of Goddess Durga’s victory over evil Mahishasur, has symbolic meaning deeply rooted in Nepalese society.
3. Tihar, a celebration of lights and color dedicated to Goddess Laxmi, too unfolds social joy throughout the nation.
➔ Buddha Jayanti
1. Buddha Jayanti is celebrated to mark the birthday of the Lord Buddha which dates back in about 543 BC.
2. It falls on the full moon night of either May or June. The peace lover and Buddhist communities like to make th
3. eir pilgrimage at Buddha’s birth place Lumbini of Nepal in this auspicious day.
➔ Gai Jatra
1. Gai Jatra is one of the most popular festivals generally celebrated in between August-September.
2. Even though Gai Jatra has presence throughout the country, it has most strongholds in the Newari community of Kathmandu valley.
3. This festival has its roots in the belief that the god of death, Yamaraj, must be feared and hence worshiped.
➔ Janai Purnima
1. Janai Purnima keeps the sacred meaning in Hindu community of Nepal. On this same day Raksha Bandhan is also celebrated where every Hindu ties a sacred thread.
2. Janai Purnima maintains the holy significance whereas Rakshya Bandhan makes stronger the love and respect in between and among sisters and brothers.
1. Teej is a celebration of fasting in which women pray for marital bliss, well being of their spouse and children and purification of their own body and soul.
2. It takes place on August and September.
3. In the present context, the festival has connotation with rights of women.
➔ Shree Krishna Janmastami
1. Shree Krishna Janmashtami marks the celebration of the birth of Lord Sri Krishna. Lord Krishna Is regarded as the 8th avatar or ‘incarnation’ of Lord Vishnu.
2. It falls on August and September.
3. This festival is hugely celebrated throughout the country.
1. Indra Jatra falls in August and September.
2. Both Hindus and Buddhists unite to celebrate the festival with great enthusiasm. Indra Jatra has historic significance in Nepal as well
➔ Fagun Purnima
1. Fagun Purnima, allegedly named after the mythical demoness Holika, is a day when the feast of colors is celebrated.
2. The ancient Holi festival falls on late February or on early March.
3. It has growing popularity among Nepalese even today and it is amazingly celebrated throughout the nation.
➔ Maghe Sankranti
1. Maghe Sankranti is the harbinger of the holy month usually in the mid of January.
2. The festival hopes to bring end of cold season and expect to coming of warmer weather and better days of health and fortune.
1. Mahashivaratri is the celebration dedicated to the Lord Shiva which falls in February and March.
2. It is the celebration of birthday of supreme god of Hindu mythological figure.
3. Thousands and thousands of visitors make their pilgrimage visit in Kathmandu on this day.
4. Apart from these festivals, Nepal celebrates more and more other regional, communal and seasonal festivals.
5. Visit to Nepal, no matter which time of the year, promises a rewarding festive experience.